However, zoysia has a high drought-tolerance, so if you notice brown patches that don’t recover after irrigation, treat for chinch bugs before they can spread to the rest of your turf. The actual Zoysia grass costs about 30 percent more, and the rest of the expense is in soil preparation and installation labor. If thatch is a consistent problem, try bagging your lawn clippings every other time you mow, which will help keep thatch at a manageable thickness. What does that mean in comparison with St. Augustine Grass? The hybrid cultivar Raleigh is less disease-prone than other varieties. Improving the soil will cut down maintenance requirements of both kinds of grass, so topdressing after aeration each year will gradually cut the time and money invested in your lawn. Your choice will also depend on your budget. Zoysia is a more versatile turf grass than St. Augustine, and it is fairly low-maintenance in the right climate. St. Augustine grass is a traditional and popular choice among homeowners for its beautiful, lush appearance. It grows so thickly that over time it gradually out-competes St. Augustine grass. It is not at all tolerant of cold temperatures, and requires plenty of moisture for survival. Empire Zoysia grass is the perfect choice for Florida. However, they each thrive in different climates, and they have different appearances, which may influence your turf choice. St. Augustine also requires good drainage, which means a silty or sandy soil and higher amounts of organic matter. Zoysia grass has more maintenance requirements; given that it’s more vulnerable to diseases and requires more frequent mowing and fertilization than St. Augustine grass. Zoysia grass spreads by both above-ground and underground shoots (stolons and rhizomes); while St. Augustine grass only spreads through above-ground shoots (stolons) and lack underground shoots (stolons). However, St. Augustine is susceptible to a few pests and diseases. If you want to prevent dormancy, irrigate as needed April-October at 1”/week (source). What’s more, Zoysia grass sods commercially retail for more than the average price of St. Augustine grass sods. Both St. Augustine and zoysia are warm-season grasses with roughly the same growing regions. It also tolerates poor drainage better though this should be taken with a grain of salt. Both grasses tolerate some shade, but St. Augustine is more shade tolerant than zoysia. Fescue vs. Zoysia Fescue or Zoysia Comparison Zoysia vs Fescue. Zoysia doesn’t need mowed as often as St. Augustine, and it is tolerant of a wide range of poor soils. You can also establish zoysia from sprigs, plugs, or sod. You could do what I’m doing and sow Zoysia … If you’re looking at all of ’em in a chart, the St. Augustine, the … But despite its popularity, there are both pros and cons of Zoysia grass that are worth contemplating before you make the decision to switch. For instance, Zoysia grass has leaf hairs that stand upright on the upper sides of the leaf blades – a characteristic that’s not present on Bermuda grass. Can we use these shoots to replant bare areas in the front (after weeds are removed)? There are many varieties to choose from, such as Pampas, Bermuda, and St. Augustine. It cannot thrive in areas where temperatures dip below ten degrees for several hours. Using the popular Zoysia Empire as an example, this grass establishes more quickly than some other Zoysia cultivars, is robust and creates a tight carpet of soft, green grass. To double-check, you can identify it by checking whether it has above-ground shoots known as stolons. Zoysia tolerates a wider range of climates and soils than St. Augustine. Whoever named it must have hated St. Augustine and if you use a weed and feed it will kill it. While both grasses can produce beautiful lawns for homes and sports turfs, the differences shown below can help you make the right choice. Zoysia spreads with stolons, like St. Augustine, but it also spreads using below-ground runners called rhizomes. These varieties do best in coastal areas with constant sun and mild winter temperatures, but can grow in a variety of soil types. Thriving Yard is an affiliate for companies including Amazon Associates and earn a commission on qualifying purchases. When it comes to zoysia varieties, zoysia is still pretty shade tolerant for a warm season grass, but their … The source is the book Turfgrass Management. This helps you will have … In addition to being good looking, Zoysiagrass has great wear resistance. Now that you’ve gone through Zoysia vs Bermuda difference, you know which one suits your lawn best. 2. I can say I have years of experience, and I am here to share it with you. Unlike many of the St. Augustine varieties, the Seville leaves are narrow, creating a more carpet-like spread. If St. Augustine is maintained well, it can choke out most weeds without help from herbicides. Below, I’ll take you through these differences, how to identify either of the two grass species and what factors you need to consider when choosing between them. However, St. Augustine is one of the more expensive sod choices at $.30-$.70/sq’. St. Augustine does not handle dethatching with a power rake, so it is important to mow frequently to prevent long grass clippings or clumps of grass. So St. Augustine and Zoysia would do the best in the shade. The opposite has happened on the side of my office building here at Houston Grass. Zoysia is far slower to grow and fill up the lawn compared to Bermuda grass. Unlike corporate website companies, the authors on this website regularly use many of the tips and recommendations provided in their own garden and lawncare. Asked February 24, 2013, 10:22 AM EST. This is a small back yard, facing east, with a large fence … Alternatively, you can inspect the leaf blade texture, which usually varies depending on which of the two major species of Zoysia grass is growing on your lawn. It looks a bit odd at the moment since the Zoysia looks like a dark green golf course grass and the San Augustine is thick blades and a brighter green. With proper nutrients and weekly mowing, St. Augustine gives dense, medium-green lawn that is lovely to behold. CitraBlue and Palmetto® St. Augustine are the best grasses for shade. Will it look better when the 2 grasses mix together. St. Augustine Grass vs Bermuda Grass – Differences Both grasses are great at choking out weeds such as dandelions, crabgrass, and even quackgrass. in Landscape Design/Organic Produce Production from the Nebraska College of Technical Agriculture. Great info!!!! The roots of St. Augustine grass run deep although it is not as old as the United States city that bears its name. Zoysia grass vs St Augustine. Additionally, Crabgrass Lawn (crabgrasslawn.com) participates in various other affiliate programs, and we sometimes get a commission through purchases made through our links. However, new zoysia lawns may take 6-8 weeks to begin active growth, so you may need to spray a broadleaf weed control during the first year. There are many factors that can determine which turf you choose, but first, Let’s dive into the basics of each grass. It helped me with my concerns and decisions for resodding my home lawn. Silt tends to act like clay under most conditions. Therefore, the care schedules are very similar, with St Augustine being slightly more labor-intensive than zoysia. St. Augustine grass also produces a limited amount of viable seeds and is- therefore- best established on lawns and sports grounds by sodding, sprigging, or plugging. Both Zoysia and St. Augustine grass offer a beautiful ground cover with reasonable maintenance needs. I am noticing the Zoysia is doing great under our big shade trees but seems to be struggling in the full sun areas and turning a little brown. Saint Augustine does not do well in rugged terrain. Believe me, Palisades Zoysia looks 100% better than St. Aug. Under adequately humid conditions, it develops a visually attractive blue-green color. Zoysia and centipede are both warm-season grasses, which means they grow the most in the warm summer months. My front yard (approx 1,000 square feet) is Floratam St Augustine and has lots bare spots from drought, dog wear & tear etc. Fescue vs. Zoysia Fescue or Zoysia Comparison Zoysia vs Fescue. St Augustine. It’s also drought-tolerant and can withstand heavy foot traffic. Therefore, it may be easier to plant seeds in the spring when there is more rainfall and the temperatures are lower. For more information, read Is St. Augustine Grass Drought Tolerant? Keep zoysia consistently moist until you begin to see active growth from sprigs, plugs, or sod. Zoysia grass vs. St. Augustine for heavy shade. So, which grass should you choose for your new lawn? Empire Zoysia grass is the perfect choice for Florida. The cheapest, but most labor-intensive method of establishing a St. Augustine lawn is to use sprigs. Zoysia will do well in most silty soils, and St. Augustine will do well as long as the soil drains well and has low foot traffic. Our varieties include: bermuda, zorro zoysia, zoysia, DS Super Sports Turf Premier Bermuda, St. Augustine, Majestic St. Augustine, centipede The roots of St. Augustine grass run deep although it is not as old as the United States city that bears its name. I did a lot as I grew up in terms of caring and tending for not only my families lawn but also my neighbors. Bahia grass and St. Augustine grass thrive in warm, mostly southern regions in the United States. Here’s why Seville remains popular in residential applications: Thick, fine, dark green leaves: The finer the leaf and the thicker it grows, the more luxurious the expanse of your lawn. Zoysia vs St. Augustine Grass: Differences, how Bermuda grass compares to St. Augustine grass here, St. Augustine Grass vs Bermuda Grass: Differences, Pictures, Comparison, 8 Best Weed Killers for Lawns [Comparison + Reviews 2021], https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fd-hdcma7J0, Different Types of Crabgrass (With Pictures), Best Crabgrass Killer & Preventers – 2021 Reviews, When to Apply Crabgrass Preventer [ Before or After Rain & Wet Grass? Although it does pretty well in our yards, it’s not the toughest grass on the block. I think, when established, it looks like a neater, thicker, straighter St. Aug. My opinion. All of these diseases can cause grey or brown spots in the lawn or on individual leaves. This can be a difficult way to establish a lawn unless you can keep it moist for 4-6 weeks while the stolons establish a root system. Unless it is regularly well watered St. Augustine develops dead patches and is quickly overrun by weeds, other grasses, horrible Crabgrass - it struggles in our Florida heat under severe watering restrictions. 1. è High maintenance - grows to ±7" by the seventh day and only looks really good for a day or two after it's been cut, because it can't be mowed lower than 3". I have both. Zoysia has the added benefit, unlike St. Augustine, of being quite drought tolerant and can withstand alot of foot traffic. We had St. Augustine all the way around it, but somebody dropped a block of Zoysia out there several years ago and now Palisades Zoysia has overtaken the St. Augustine grass. Zoysia is susceptible to brown spot, rust, and leaf spot. It is a very coarse-textured type that grows via above-ground stolons that can reach several feet. Learn warm season grass identification and grass care. Warm-season grasses are generally creeping grasses, which means they send out runners to put down roots and establish new leaves. St. Augustine tolerates extremely high summer temperatures as long as it has enough moisture. With proper nutrients and weekly mowing, St. Augustine gives dense, medium-green lawn that is lovely to behold. Plant St. Augustine three months before the first frost and keep it moist. Proper maintenance will help prevent most diseases, but you may need to spray if large areas are affected. This is what makes them excellent for sports fields because they recover quickly. Aerate from April-September each year, and dethatch if there is more than ½” of dead grass clippings. Building beachfront in St. Augustine. This base is way more costly compared to a St. Augustine base, which is simply a basic soil mix. Then you can replant. Versatile Zoysia does well in both. Both are warm-season grasses, but there are subtle differences and similarities you should consider when choosing. It is a big thatch producer and requires much moisture. What is your budget and maintenance ability? St. Augustine grass turfs are relatively deep and dense; as the grass has broad leaves with a circular tip- and large, flat stems. Zoysia is one of the recommended species of warm-season grass for clay soils. St Augustine is a vegetative grass that is only available for sale as sod or as plugs; you cannot purchase St Augustine seed. Sandy soils drain easily, which can contribute to drought conditions in dry climates. And grass growth even depends on the type of Zoysia or St. Augustine grass you choose. The rhizomes are protected from the sun and mower blades, which makes zoysia more drought-resistant and able to recover much easier from short mowing heights or dethatching. Bermuda or Zoysia are much nicer, grow slower, and the make the best carpet-like apperance. Best for … Will it look better when the 2 grasses mix together. Zoysia Vs. Centipede Grass. Check this video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fd-hdcma7J0. A wider blade than Bermuda grass, it can tolerate a good amount of Shade. My brother has both in his yard and his experience has been that the St. Augustine is encroaching faster into the Zoysia than vice versa. Sprigs are sections of stolons cut from sod that you spread over bare soil and press into the lawn with a heavy roller. Native to Africa and The Caribbean, this turfgrass species thrives in subtropical climates with warm temperatures throughout the year. Other Important Information. In severe drought situations, Zoysia grass would be more likely to ultimately recover, while St. Augustine grass may require replacement. St Augustine was the turf of choice in the 60’s to solve the problems of zoysia from the 50’s.Today, St Augustine is the most widely used lawn grass in Pinellas County. An easier method is to use plugs, which is small sections of cut sod spaced apart across the lawn. This insect attacks during hot, dry periods of the summer and can look like drought damage. They are usually a blend of several hybrids that offer different qualities. Zoysia grass is absolutely beautiful. Zoysia lawns are greyish-green in color with a fine texture while St. Augustine grass has a blue-green tint with a fairly coarse texture to its lawns. The opposite has happened on the side of my office building here at Houston Grass. St. Augustine can thrive in moderate shade, so it is able to choke out weeds and other grasses in shady yards better than zoysia. Mowing height depends on the variety, but most varieties should be mowed ¾”-2.5” with a sharp blade from April-October. Other Important Information. Elevate your lawn expectations. Seeds may take up to 3 weeks to germinate, and you must keep the soil moist during that time. St. Augustine Grass. If St. Augustine begins to turn brown, it is dying, not going dormant. Darker soils have a high organic matter content, which means it should hold onto nutrients well and retain moisture without becoming waterlogged. Saved by Steven Sawyer. Bermuda grass needs plenty of sun, and it grows quickly, which increases maintenance needs—you may have to maintain Bermuda grass more often than if you had another variety. But it’s also expensive. Should you grow St. Augustine grass or zoysia grass? The source is the book Turfgrass Management. St. Augustine grows in subtropical regions of the United States, and it is most common along the coasts due to its high salt tolerance. St. Augustine grass is best suited to warm-arid regions such as Florida and the Gulf Coast region. It is not at all tolerant of cold temperatures, and requires plenty of moisture for survival. I realize that I can fertilize, water and wait for the St Aug to fill in, but I'm thinking of converting to Empire Zoysia. When you notice big thatches of grass in your backyard you probably have St. Augustine grass species on your lawn. If your lawn turns a bluish color, or if footprints remain when you walk across it in the evening, irrigate ¾”-1” the following morning (source). Our varieties include: bermuda, zorro zoysia, zoysia, DS Super Sports Turf Premier Bermuda, St. Augustine, Majestic St. Augustine, centipede Zoysia japonica varieties have a coarse texture, while Zoysia matrella varieties are fine-textured. Of the two turfgrasses, St. Augustine grass is cheaper and easier to establish and maintain compared to zoysia, which is a little costlier with a much more frequent maintenance schedule. Now we are starting to see runners of St Augustine in the back. I am noticing the Zoysia is doing great under our big shade trees but seems to be struggling in the full sun areas and turning a little brown. If you’ve had St. Augustine or Bermuda in … Zoysia may have difficulty establishing a root system from sprigs, so the more common planting method is to use plugs. It’s blades are medium sized not the fine variety that some Zoysia’s are. Zoysia may need dethatching every few years, but this can be reduced by practicing annual core aeration. You can plant zoysia any time from mid spring to 8 weeks before the first frost. Since St. Augustine grass roots can reach 4' deep, it's unlikely that you can effectively dig it out, and anything you apply to your lawn to kill the weedy grass will kill your zoysia… Occasionally, it will be found in areas of California. Learn about Bermuda grass, zoysia grass, st augustine grass, and centipede grass. Centipede grass, also known as Eremochloa buse, is a medium-textured, low growing grass that produces a dense and weed-free turf.It is an aggressively growing grass that is fairly attractive and requires little care. Since 1974 Double Springs Grass Farms, Inc. has produced high quality certified turfgrass. Both grasses can tolerate salt, drought, and some shade, although zoysia is easier to maintain. The benefit of Zoysia grass over St. Augustine is only under severe drought conditions. While both kinds of grass will survive in most southern lawns, they are each suited to different climates and soil conditions. St. Augustine requires more water and care than other grasses and is susceptible to freeze and disease. St. Augustine will require supplemental irrigation in dry climates. Crabgrass Lawn is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Like all plants, it has a dormant season, which is summer. While zoysia is a good choice for low-maintenance lawns, there are some climates where St. Augustine is the better option. You can grow both the grass types satisfactorily by proper watering, sunlight exposure, fertilization and soil requirements. Both St. Augustine and zoysia are warm-season, creeping grasses with good drought tolerance. It is also more tolerant of dethatching. Spray for grubs and sod worms each spring to prevent infestations, and apply a fungicide to prevent brown patch and grey leaf spot (source). Zoysia Grass Garden Design Golf Courses Landscape Google Search Scenery Landscape … And once it covers up the lawn, it forms a thick mat of grass which is very pleasing to the eyes. Can You Dethatch St. Augustine Grass? Centipede is more cold tolerant than St. Augustine grasses but has less shade tolerance. Zoysia can choke out weeds in sunny areas of the lawn once it is established. CrabGrassLawn is a Wiki for Lawn Enthusiasts by Lawn Experts. Zoysia is a more versatile turf grass than St. Augustine, and it is fairly low-maintenance in the right climate. If you are establishing a new lawn, you can find some varieties that are more cold-tolerant, and others that require less-frequent mowing. St. Augustine grass is a thickly-growing grass species that creates a lush, inviting landscape. Besides climate, soil is the most important factor for turf choice. Learn why Empire is a superior choice over Floratam St. Augustine. St. Augustine has above-ground runners, known as stolons, which creep along the soil and put down roots. Examples provided of tested products are actual products owned, tested, and used regularly by the author. Healthy maintenance practices are the key to a lawn’s success, so make sure that no matter which turf you choose, you follow a consistent maintenance schedule that includes aeration, topdressing, proper irrigation schedules and mowing heights. Richly green and lush. Plugs have an intact root system, which makes it easier to keep alive after planting and helps the lawn fill in faster than sprigs. Occasionally, it will be found in areas of California. 2. If it holds its shape but crumbles easily, you have silt. Although in ideal conditions, Zoysia can fully grow and cover the lawn in one year, but more often than not, it would take 2 to 3 years for its full growth and coverage. St Augustine is a vegetative grass that is only available for sale as sod or as plugs; you cannot purchase St Augustine seed. Zoysia handles clay soil much better than St. Augustine. Extremely poor drainage in compacted clay will prevent almost any grass from thriving. St. Augustine. Zoysia does not handle shade as well as St. Augustine, so in a humid climate with shady areas, St. Augustine would be a better choice. The grass developed from this research proves effective, but needs a bit more fertilizing than Zoysia grass. See Can You Dethatch St. Augustine Grass? Of the two turfgrasses, St. Augustine grass is cheaper and easier to establish and maintain while zoysia is a little costlier with a much more frequent maintenance schedule. Plant zoysia if your lawn has high-traffic areas, gets inconsistent moisture, and has poor soil. Wet a handful of soil so that it is moist but not dripping. For a lawn in south Georgia or along the coast, St. Augustine is also resilient in partial shade. Chinch bugs are the most common pest that affects zoysia. High quality sod with no weeds and a thick base that won’t fall apart on you or tear when handling. She has an A.A.S. Stay away from St. Augustine if you can. But despite its popularity, there are both pros and cons of Zoysia grass that are worth contemplating before you make the decision to switch. You can read Bermuda grass vs St. Augustine for more options. Jan 3, 2020 - Zoysia lawns are greyish-green in color with a fine texture while St. Augustine grass has a blue-green tint with a fairly course texture. Most soils will need a starter fertilizer to help the turf establish roots quickly, and you may need to fertilize every 6 weeks until the first frost to help the turf prepare for cooler weather. Plant St. Augustine if your lawn drains well, receives consistent rainfall or irrigation, and has shaded areas. Asked February 24, 2013, 10:22 AM EST. Zoysia can only tolerate a pH of 5.8-7.0, which makes it less versatile than St. Augustine. St. Augustine has been planted in Florida since the 1890’s and in California since 1920. In severe drought situations, Zoysia grass would be more likely to ultimately recover, while St. Augustine grass may require replacement. The cost of Zoysia grass is about twice as much as St. Augustine grass. It grows so thickly that over time it gradually out-competes St. Augustine grass. In light shade or subfreezing winter weather, zoysia will persist even when dormant, but the St. Augustine will be partially to fully killed. My front yard (approx 1,000 square feet) is Floratam St Augustine and has lots bare spots from drought, dog wear & tear etc. Here Are The Facts, Does Lawn Aeration Really Work? It also grows more slowly than St Augustine’s, which means you’ll have to mow less often. That’s because Zoysia grass requires first laying a base of silica sand and Canadian peat moss. Learn more about preparing clay soil, how to care for St. Augustine, and how to establish zoysia in clay soil. When you prepare your lawn for St. Augustine, mix in 3”-6” of high-quality compost to help with drainage and improve fertility. St. Augustine grass is a coarse-textured turfgrass variety that can tolerate shade. St. Augustine grass is susceptible to brown patch, mole crickets, sod webworm, chinch bugs, and a virus called St. Augustine Decline (SAD, for short). If you already have trees and other tall plant varieties growing on your lawn, it would be wiser to go for the more shade-tolerant St. Augustine grass. St. Augustine requires more water and care than other grasses and is susceptible to freeze and disease. You can use a simple test to determine your soil texture. Better toleration of aeration and dethatching. A wider blade than Bermuda grass, it can tolerate a good amount of Shade. It grows vertically and is more dense. The other curse we have in this area is builders plant St. Augustine grass which is not a grass but a weed. So, what should you consider between these two grasses? It handles dethatching and aeration well, so if you topdress each year with compost, you may be able to skip fertilizing and irrigation. Zoysia grass leaves are silky to the touch with some thin, hairlike figures protruding, especially near the bottom of the leaf. Thriving Yard is a privately owned website. Zoysia is tolerant lawn grass, but it takes some care if you want to maximize its potential. These varieties do best in coastal areas with constant sun and mild winter temperatures, but can grow in a variety of soil types. But, there were many practical reasons that could have prevented that choice. Mow every 5-14 days to maintain the proper height. What’s more, it has a spongy feel to it as opposed to the ’hardy-textured’ Bermuda grass varieties. Amazon, the Amazon logo, AmazonSupply, and the AmazonSupply logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Zoysia grass is a drought-tolerant turfgrass that’s quite similar to the popular Bermuda grass – but with a few differences. Click Here to see the latest deals (link To Amazon). We do not specifically market to children under 13. For instance- you have to lay a base that’s a mix of silica sand and Canadian peat moss. Standard lawn grass species are cool-season grasses that thrive during the cool, moist weather of spring and fall. St. Augustine Grass. St. Augustine has been planted in Florida since the 1890’s and in California since 1920. This is a small back yard, facing east, with a large fence and two large shade trees blocking early and mid morning sun. Both Zoysia and St. Augustine grass offer a beautiful ground cover with reasonable maintenance needs. Centipede grass, also known as Eremochloa buse, is a medium-textured, low growing grass that produces a dense and weed-free turf.It is an aggressively growing grass that is fairly attractive and requires little care. I highly recommend Houston Grass. If the lawn is mowed too short, or if you use a power rake to dethatch, you will damage the stolons and your lawn may not recover. Of the two turfgrasses, St. Augustine grass is cheaper and easier to establish and maintain while zoysia is a little costlier with a much more frequent maintenance schedule. High quality sod with no weeds and a thick base that won’t fall apart on you or tear when handling. Even the more desirable “turf type” Fescue is the heaviest maintenance lawn type for our area. The most expensive way to establish St. Augustine is with sod. St. Augustine is a low-maintenance grass under the right conditions. Now that you’ve gone through Zoysia vs Bermuda difference, you know which one suits your lawn best. Sydney has over 15 years of experience in lawn maintenance, landscape design, and organic gardening. Both zoysia and St. Augustine grasses are pretty shade tolerant compared to other turfgrass varieties. Making the right choice between growing Zoysia grass and St. Augustine grass on your lawn depends on what type of landscaping aesthetic you’re looking to achieve in your backyard. Recommended Reading: Best Fertilizer For Clay Soil Lawn: Why Ingredients Matter. St. Augustine is susceptible to drought year-round, so it’s important to monitor for drought stress and irrigate as needed. Clay soils tend to become compacted, which leaves very little pore space for drainage. Centipede Grass. Mow as frequently as needed to prevent breaking the 1/3rd rule, which is generally every 10-14 days. It should be known that St. Augustines are the most shade tolerant warm season turfgrass varieties available. , to dark green shade from mid spring to remove an unhealthy thatch layer is a low-maintenance under! Grass which is very pleasing to the ’ hardy-textured ’ Bermuda grass, it has enough moisture ten! The southeastern United States city that bears its name turfs, the care are! Tolerate regions as far north as Nebraska out runners to put down roots and establish a thick of. Grass or zoysia Comparison zoysia vs Bermuda difference, you can find some that. 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