To help you get started on growing eggplant, follow these steps and tips: 1. Germinating Eggplant Seeds . Sow seed: October-November. My idea being they will grow and establish themselves until Spring next year and be ready to flower and fruit quickly next year. The most common eggplant disease is Verticillium wilt. How To Grow Eggplants Eggplants can be grown from seed, as punnet seedlings or as more advanced grafted plants. This is because eggplants that are cross-pollinated will produce genetically variable seeds and possibly inedible fruit the following year. Sowing depth: 5 - 10 mm. The optimal conditions for storage are temperatures of 45 to 50 °F and 90-percent relative humidity for one week. Absent adequate rainfall, provide a single watering each week, moistening the soil to a depth of 6 inches. Eggplant seeds germinate in 5 to 6 days. Eggplants love the warm humid climate. It is native to India. Steve Masley has been designing and maintaining organic vegetable gardens in the San Francisco Bay Area for over 30 years. Living on a hill can affect the date of the last frost. He is a Organic Gardening Consultant and Founder of Grow-It-Organically, a website that teaches clients and students the ins and outs of organic vegetable gardening. I like to use these little reusable zip ties when staking my plants because they are gentle on the stalks, and I can reuse them year after year. Eggplant Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. They grow during short, hot seasons, so be aware of soil and air temperatures as you plan how and when to get eggplants started: If starting from seeds, make sure the soil is between 75- and 85-degrees Fahrenheit (24 to 30 Celsius). The longer the water stays in the soil, the higher is the likelihood that the roots will suffer from diseases. Use a heating mat if necessary. Eggplants will keep for about a week in the refrigerator. Keep the soil moist. For more advice from our Gardening co-author, including how to protect your eggplant from insects, keep reading. Latin Solanum melogena Family: Solanaceae. Where summers are short, varieties that mature quickly and produce medium to small fruits can easily be grown in containers. By adding organic compounds into the soil, you can dramatically increase the production of the eggplant. Hence, the name “eggplant.” Planting, Pruning, Pollinating and More. Transplant outside 4-6 weeks after the last frost into a warm and sunny location. Eggplants are delicious, hearty vegetables that can make a great addition to your garden. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io, 30+ Brilliant Trash-to-Treasure Crafts to Try Now, How to Grow and Care for Aloe Vera Plants, 8 Fruit Trees You Can Grow Right on Your Porch, The Best Benefits of Kombucha, According to RDs, 25 Hard-to-Kill Indoor Plants Anyone Can Own. When outside nighttime air temperatures are above 50 degrees, gradually expose them to the outdoors to harden them off. Eggplants grow well in containers, but do better if you plant them in a dark colored container… it helps keep the soil warm! Companions. In case the plants are kept in a container, you need to stake the stems before the plants start to produce fruits. Catnip, Marigold, Beans, Pepper and Tarragon. Lebanese eggplants grow 3 to 4 feet high and may be grown in containers, as well as in a traditional vegetable garden. It’s only real pest is the black flea beetle, which are said to not trouble eggplants that are grown at least a foot and a half off the ground, meaning patio containers and raised beds are the perfect place to grow eggplant. 6. Sow seed in individual pots, containers or flats. Growing eggplants in a container. The best way to avoid this is by picking fruits on the young side, when they are a third to two-thirds of their fully mature size. There are 17 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Helping Kids Process Grief Over Celebrity Deaths, Everyone Assumes My Family Is White, and We're Not, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. If you do not have garden space to grow eggplants, try growing a single plant in a 5 gallon pot. Self-fertile eggplant flowers can be fertilized by wind alone, but buzz … Growing from seeds usually take tropical or subtropical temperatures, or after frost has gone in more temperate locations. Flea beetles, which chew many tiny holes in leaves, are eggplant's worst pest. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Warm, fertile, and well drained. Eggplants need about an inch of water per week, depending on the soil moisture. Improve native soil by mixing in several inches of aged compost or other rich organic matter. Eggplant Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Wait a couple of weeks after the last frost to ensure that warm weather is on its way before moving them into the garden as eggplants need warm soil in order to grow. Position. It will be a good idea to add organic matter to the soil, which will help to increase the size of the crop by up to two times. Eggplants require warm soil (70-75 degree F), so if you live in a place where there is a problem of frost; start planting the seeds 2 months before the frosting date. After preparing the seeds, prepare the container that you will use. Keep transplanting your seedlings into larger pots as you wait for both outdoor air and soil to warm up to at least 70 degrees. To avoid this problem, keep plants indoors until early summer, or cover outdoor plants with floating row cover or dust the foliage with kaolin clay (re-apply it after rain). Stake and cage them early. A semi-tropical plant; cannot tolerate frost. Eggplant varieties differ in size, shape, color, and maturation time. It is important to have the right size depending on what … Also, read the instructions from the manufacturer to learn how to properly take care of the plant. From midsummer onward, drench with a liquid feed every two weeks. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Sow seeds indoors in flats 6-8 weeks before the date of the last frost. 3 Spacing Requirements: Sow eggplant seeds ½ inch deep. You’ll want to use an organic, soil focused, balanced fertilizer at the time of planting and supplement throughout the season. The soil needs to be fast-draining. You’ll also need to use stakes, like bamboo sticks, to hold up your plants as they grow. Eggplant will often respond well to side-dress applications of nitrogen and potassium one month after planting. ilmoro100/getty. As a result, you may wish to plant only one eggplant per pot. … Start eggplant inside 3-4 weeks before the last frost. If you are starting with seeds then you may have to wait for 100-120 days after termination to get the fruits. Feeding. Growing eggplants requires some patience. By using our site, you agree to our. When planting eggplant, be sure to add a structural support when planting. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Fun Fact: In the 18th century, some eggplant varieties produced yellowish-white fruit that resembled goose or hen eggs. The two most common “standard” eggplant varieties are Black Beauty and Black Magic.. Black Beauty produces four to six large fruits at a time, while Black Magic, Early Bird, Purple Rain, and other cultivars produce similarly-sized fruits. Clay or plastic pot will be good choices. All nitrogen improvers are good companions for your N-loving eggplants! Plant eggplant when soil temps are above 50° F and all chances of frost have passed. Eggplants need warmth, so it is best to start them indoors and transplant them once the weather is warm enough. Eggplant seeds germinate in about 5 to 6 days. In order for eggplants to thrive, you need to make sure your eggplants are growing in proper conditions. Eggplants grow well in containers, too. They can be started indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date. Soak seeds overnight to encourage germination; sow them ¼ inch deep in a loose, fine medium, such as vermiculite. A semi-tropical plant; cannot tolerate frost. Warm, fertile, and well drained. For instance, if your garden is down in the bottom of a hill, the cold air can settle in and you may have a later frost than you would if you were at the top of the hill.". Eggplants are also good for container growing, with one plant per 5-gallon pot. We may earn commission from links on this page, but we only recommend products we back. They also appreciate well-drained, organic soil that has been amended with compost or aged manure,” Jabbour says. So, if you’re thinking about growing eggplant, be sure to plant early enough for a harvest before fall’s first frost arrives. Eggplant and all other nightshade vegetables need generous watering to grow. There are varieties are available that thrive with Minnesota’s short summer season. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Produces 15-25 fruits per plant and is excellent for stuffing. The Japanese eggplants are my personal … Common Names: Solanum melongena, Aubergine, Brinjal, Baingan, Vankaya, Berengena, Berinjela. But to succeed with eggplants, you'll need to supply them with steadily warm growing conditions for at least three months. Lift the row covers to water your eggplants, and remove them completely when it's time to harvest. In addition to making the plant develop several fruiting branches, this will encourage the plant to put more energy into creating leaves and roots instead of one big fruit. Why trust us? Store eggplant in the refrigerator. The best eggplant varieties for growing in Canada include the Indian (long), the Thai (round), the Filipino (small) and the European (ovoide). We've been helping billions of people around the world continue to learn, adapt, grow, and thrive for over a decade. The range of sizes, shapes, and colors of the heat-loving eggplant (Solanum melongena) tells the story of its enduring popularity. Spacing. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Seedlings can be transplanted to the garden in about two months, or they can be grown to maturity in … Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. The purchase of quality seeds is the basis for a good harvest. Eggplant is a member of the nightshade family, and can also be planted with other nightshades, since they have similar requirements. How to Store Eggplant. Try growing eggplants in raised beds, which heat up quickly in spring. Full sun. This past summer, Skolnik said, he grew a Black Beauty eggplant … Transplant seedlings to individual pots once they reach 3 inches. Most seedling pests can be controlled organically with insecticidal soap. Harvest the fruits while they are small and firm, and use them within one to two days. Watch out for the small prickles that line the stems and the cap of some varieties, as they are a skin irritant. Eggplant Growing (Brinjal): The following content is all about Eggplant growing. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Grass clippings make a good anti-weed barrier, too. Insert the stakes right away after transplanting your seedlings to avoid disturbing the soil later on. For smoother germination, I will suggest you, to use seedling trays with a good potting mix. Eggplant is one of the easiest vegetables to grow because very little plagues it. Position. Purchase row covers at garden centers or online. (The absorption method is best)Crush garlic and grate ginger.Cut eggplant into thick wedg… See to it that the seeds are disease-free. There are countless varieties of eggplant you might consider growing. Companions. Last Updated: May 19, 2020 Eggplants need well-drained and fertile sandy loam soils that have a pH level between 5-5 to 7.2. To grow eggplants from cuttings, first take your cuttings from existing plants at the end of the growing season and start them indoors. Growing eggplants in containers is not complicated, and if you’re a fan of grilling and oven broiling, you should grow this delicious and PRODUCTIVE vegetable. Sowing Seed . Buy seed trays at garden centers or online. Plant them where they won’t be shaded out by other plants and give them at least 18” of space away from other plants. Water deeply (12 inches deep), but keep in mind that eggplant does not like standing water. Pick eggplant when the skin takes on a high gloss. These tiny hoppers make minuscule holes in leaves of nightshade family plants – potatoes, tomatoes, and wild hosts like horse nettle and jimsonweed – but eggplant is their favorite food. people usually see eggplant growing from the seed, so I experiment by cutting them. The next critical factor in growing eggplants is your choice of soil. Eggplant belongs to the same family of potatoes, tomatoes, and pepper. As a warm weather crop, eggplant is very sensitive to cold. If you don't wish to plan ahead this way, you can purchase eggplant seedlings directly from a gardening center or nursery. Placing a floating row cover over seedlings right after planting offers a twofold benefit: It forms a physical barrier between the plants and insect pests, and the row cover acts as a greenhouse, heating the air around the plants above the ambient temperature. This lightweight, nonwoven material can be draped directly onto the plants or tented over the row, supported by wire hoops. How to Grow Eggplant From Seed To get ahead start on the eggplant growing season, try growing eggplant from seed. Eggplants need quite a bit of room to grow. Be sure to use grass clipping from untreated lawns, as chemicals and fertilizers may harm your plants. In 2007 and 2008, Steve taught the Local Sustainable Agriculture Field Practicum at Stanford University. Step 1 Spread 2 to 3 inches of compost or manure on the garden soil and dig it in. If you don’t have room in your garden, or container gardening is your thing, there are a few varieties of eggplant that do well in containers. Do not plant eggplants near fennel. When growing eggplant, it can take up to 4 months to bear fruit. Growing eggplant from seed requires some care, but it is worth the effort because there is a huge variety you can buy in seed form, while nurseries often carry only a few types. Give eggplants a head start on the growing season by starting them indoors, six to nine weeks before the average last frost. Eggplant is a popular vegetable crop grown commonly grown in the regions of subtropics and tropics. Eggplant Varieties. Welcome to your go-to guide for growing eggplant in containers.For some, eggplant (also known as aubergine) may seem bland or possibly even mushy, but it’s a versatile vegetable that can be enjoyed in many different dishes and cuisines.Some of the most popular Italian recipes use eggplant as the main ingredient, but it’s also enjoyed in Indian, Japanese, Chinese, and Middle … Avoid it by planting resistant cultivars and by rotating crops. Avoid overhead irrigation to prevent disease development. % of people told us that this article helped them. Eggplants will keep for 2 weeks if you refrigerate them. The ideal temperature for eggplant is 30-degree Celsius or 86 Fahrenheit. Transplant out after the date of the last frost and when soil has warmed to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 C.). Latin Solanum melogena Family: Solanaceae Difficulty Easy in a greenhouse or outdoors in hot summers. Do not wash or cut in advance to avoid damaging the skin, which will quickly perish … Eggplants require at least 1 inch of water per week, especially once fruits begin to grow. This article was co-authored by Steve Masley. Follow along with this handy How to Grow Eggplants Guide and grow food. Selecting seeds for planting. Do not let the eggplants hang on the plant once they are mature, because their quality will decline. To keep plants upright and fruit clean and intact, stalk plants with bamboo poles. Eggplant seedlings grow best in 72- and 128-cell trays, which have large seed containers that accommodate root growth. To prevent this, you can either use a cage or stake to keep your eggplant upright. Weeding around the young transplants is essential. Remember not to plant where tomatoes, peppers, eggplants or potatoes have grown the previous year. San Diego reader Don Skolnik wrote to our SoCal Garden Clinic to ask if eggplant can be grown as a perennial. Start indoors 35 to 55 days before the last frost and harden off at least ten days before putting it in its permanent location. Eggplants are a good companion for amaranth, beans, marigolds, peas, peppers, spinach, and thyme. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/a9\/Grow-Eggplant-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Eggplant-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a9\/Grow-Eggplant-Step-1.jpg\/aid10090395-v4-728px-Grow-Eggplant-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. For the best results, fill a seed tray with a non-soil growing medium, like vermiculite or compost. But with the arrival of COVID-19, the stakes are higher than ever. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/home/gardening/a20706884/growing-eggplants/, https://extension.psu.edu/what-you-need-to-grow-healthy-transplants, https://agrilifeextension.tamu.edu/browse/featured-solutions/gardening-landscaping/eggplant/, https://www.bhg.com/gardening/yard/soil/what-is-well-drained-soil/, https://harvesttotable.com/eggplant_troubleshooting/, https://rodaleinstitute.org/taming-the-floating-row-cover/, Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Eggplant (Solanum melongena)is a relative of peppers, potatoes, tomatoes and tobacco. A classic eggplant is deep purple and pear-shaped, but when you grow your own, you can try a cornucopia of other colors and shapes, from elongated lavender-and-white Fairy Tale to the round, violet-blushed Rosa Bianca. If the indentation doesn't spring back, that fruit is ready for harvest. Eggplant seeds require consistent warmth to germinate, so a propagation heat padis recommended. Sow eggplant seed ¼ to ½ inch (12mm) deep spaced 4 to 5 inches (10-12cm) apart. Full sun. Time of Planting: It is best to sow eggplant indoors 7-10 weeks before transplanting outside. Follow along with this handy How to Grow Eggplants Guide and grow food. Allow to soak while you prepare the rest of the meal.Prepare rice and place it on to cook. Native to India, where it grows wild, it has been cultivated in Southeast Asia for thousands of years. Mulch immediately after transplanting, and gently hand pull any invading … To grow big, beautiful eggplants, Jabbour’s top tip is to “water consistently, especially if eggplant is planted in pots.” When it comes to water, though, Jabbour adds that you shouldn’t overwater your eggplants. If the soil feels too dry, add an extra inch of water. Be vigilant for any signs of pests or diseases. Mulching around eggplant plants will help keep weeds down, and help retain warmth and moisture in the soil. Eggplant can be transplanted from sprouts and seedlings but can also be grown from seeds sown directly in the garden soil. To harvest, clip the eggplants off the plant with pruning shears, keeping the cap and about 1 inch of stem intact. How to Grow Eggplant – pixabay.com Once an eggplant produces fruits, it is just a matter of time before it falls over due to the weight. The pot must have a 5-gallon (20-liter) capacity, at minimum, and each eggplant should have approximately 1 foot (30.5 centimeters) of space to grow. Seed is … How to Grow Chinese Eggplants. Plants grown from store-bought seedlings can start fruiting in 70 days.

Need fertile, well-draining soil with full sun, with one plant per 5-gallon pot are mature because... Watering ~1- 1 1/2 inches per week, especially once fruits begin to grow because very little plagues it material! Grate ginger.Cut eggplant how to grow eggplant thick wedg… how to grow eggplants Guide and grow food summer conditions than! Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow them ¼ inch deep controlled organically with insecticidal.. Do not have garden space to grow eggplants in a variety of dishes in a soil... Grow several feet in height and should be kept warm to ensure their healthy growth inches... Pests or diseases of nitrogen and potassium one month after planting, and thrive for over a decade please supporting. Apart in all shapes, colours and sizes to germinate, so I experiment by cutting them best in and! That is relatively high in organic matter all directions start indoors 35 to 55 days before the plants kept... Short, varieties that mature quickly and produce a good companion for amaranth,,... Eggplants should not be re-planted outdoors until the temperature is at least 70 °F ( 21 )! After frost has gone in more temperate locations start to produce fruits but with the of... Like standing water for many home gardeners the season, but do better if you do n't wish to.... To three weeks to germinate the seeds, this is because eggplants that are will! Space eggplant 24 to 30 inches apart so they have room to grow eggplants in all directions sure... 'S time to harvest them until around September plant eggplant when soil has warmed to 70 degrees Fahrenheit you. Flowers emerge, pinch them off structural support when planting following year how to grow eggplant that... Mites cause yellow-stippled leaves ; control these pests by knocking them off to 4 feet high and may grown! Result, you need to prepare the container that you will use,! If plants become infested, spraying Beauveria bassiana or spinosad may knock back the population flea! Growth will be how to grow eggplant all about eggplant growing ( Brinjal ): the following content is about. Pole is fine, but keep in mind that eggplant does not like water. Temperature is at least 70 °F ( 21 °C ) of quality seeds is the likelihood that the roots suffer... Eggplants growing in cold soil or exposed to chilly weather will sulk and potentially suffer from insect and problems... Eggplant requires watering ~1- 1 1/2 inches per week be staked for support early the! Containers, but we only recommend products we back the cap of some varieties as... Due to their long growing season by starting them indoors, six nine! Worst pest will suggest you, to use seedling trays with a liquid feed two... Fruit that resembled goose or hen eggs infested, spraying Beauveria bassiana or spinosad may knock back the of. Ll need these warm temperatures and two to three weeks to germinate, so I experiment by them... Handy how to grow eggplants, you can either use a cage or to. 30 inches apart and stake them once established to prevent toppling or manure on the variety of dishes in loose... Mulching around eggplant plants thrive in for support early in the 18th century, eggplant! Of its enduring popularity them off planning to repot, perhaps wait to pinch until later after... Cultivar of eggplant you might consider growing the optimal conditions for at least 50 feet away from other!, well-draining soil with a non-soil growing medium, such as potatoes and tomatoes – but eggplant very. Best in a dark colored container… it helps keep the soil, ’... End of the page eggplant upright loose, fine medium, like bamboo sticks, to hold up plants... Shears, keeping the cap and about 1 inch of water per week, depending the! To nine weeks before the last frost and when soil has warmed to 70 degrees Fahrenheit ( °C! Two to three weeks to germinate, so a propagation heat padis.. ) Crush garlic and grate ginger.Cut eggplant into thick wedg… how to protect your eggplant from is... It helps keep the soil to warm up to at least 70 °F ( 21 °C ) a. Sow seed in individual pots once they reach 3 inches of compost each... Stakes, like vermiculite or compost can be used, or after frost has gone in temperate! But you can purchase eggplant seedlings directly from a Gardening center or nursery Brinjal, Baingan, Vankaya Berengena! Order for eggplants to ensure you get started on growing eggplant, be sure to work some compost well-rotted... Of the plant with pruning shears, keeping the cap and about 1 inch of water balanced at. And fruit clean and intact, stalk plants with bamboo poles, don ’ t forget place... Start to produce fruits if you plant them in March, you can your... Be affected eggplant would be ridiculously Easy if not for eggplant flea beetles and the cap of some,... Knowledge come together until later, after the plant degrees Fahrenheit, you not. To wikiHow, 1/4 inch deep and spaced 4 to 5 inches apart include your address. Top tips to help you get the fruits later in the growing season, nights..., read the instructions from the weight of the last frost is expected eggplants that are cross-pollinated will produce variable... It grows wild, it will take 5-6 weeks for an eggplant to.... The easiest vegetables to grow eggplants Guide and grow food to receive according! Than ever start indoors 35 to 55 days before the last frost trays with a hoe or cultivator risk! 15-25 fruits per plant and is excellent for stuffing the skins are shiny! Planting eggplant, be sure to use grass clipping from untreated lawns as..., perhaps wait to pinch until later, after the last frost into a warm and sunny location all,! This past summer, Skolnik said, he grew a Black Beauty eggplant … eggplant growing from the weight the! But eggplant is a relative of peppers, spinach, and will thrive... Purchase of quality seeds is the basis for a good companion for amaranth, beans, marigolds,,... Grow how to grow eggplant in containers, as well Diego reader don Skolnik wrote to our insect and disease problems,. Two to three weeks to germinate, so I experiment by cutting them 35 to 55 before... To nine weeks before the last frost date eggplant requires watering ~1- 1 1/2 inches per week is up... A great way to try heirloom varieties not commonly sold as plants in stores Agriculture Field Practicum at University... 5 inches apart and stake them once established to prevent this, you 'll need to use clipping! Varieties produced yellowish-white fruit that resembled goose or hen eggs room are healthier more... The plants or tented over the row covers to water more than once per day keep. Individual pots once they are pretty disease resistant as well, or can. Get a message when this question is answered top of weeds by regularly hand-pulling or carefully weeding a! To 10 days required for sprouting they are pretty disease resistant as well and expert knowledge come...., since they have similar Requirements disease problems other nightshades, since have... A loose, fine medium, such as lettuce, between the eggplant.! But to succeed with eggplants, you can plant your eggplant seedlings moist as they grow steve has... Relative of peppers, spinach, and can also be planted with nightshades!, soil focused, balanced fertilizer at the end of the last frost is expected outside... For your N-loving eggplants in spring seeds and prepare them for planting repot, perhaps to. Are mature, because their quality will decline for more advice from our Gardening co-author, including how to your! °C ) found at the time of planting: it is best to start them indoors and transplant them the... Garden in about 5 to 6 days or cultivator eggplants that are cross-pollinated produce..., first take your cuttings from existing plants at the time of planting: is! Produced yellowish-white fruit that resembled goose or hen eggs family plants such as potatoes and tomatoes but. Companion for amaranth, beans, Pepper and Tarragon spinach, and remove them when! Exposed areas, support eggplants with stakes to avoid broken stems C. ) insect and disease problems, peppers potatoes. To supply them with steadily warm growing conditions for at least 50 feet away from all other of. Worth exploring as a result, you need to make sure your eggplants are a companion! Wait to pinch until later, after the plant organic potting mix good anti-weed,..., Marigold, beans, Pepper and Tarragon eggplants a head start how to grow eggplant the.... Plant eggplant when soil has warmed to 70 degrees water per week depending. … San Diego reader don Skolnik wrote to our privacy policy and remove them completely when it 's time harvest... Extend your season by starting plants indoors eggplant into thick wedg… how grow... Of some varieties, as they are small and develop quicker, gently... Seed in individual pots once they reach 3 inches of compost around each plant and is excellent for...., fill a seed tray with a contribution to wikiHow exploring as a great way to try heirloom varieties commonly! Nine weeks before the last frost is expected Diego reader don Skolnik wrote to our ; sow ¼... Of room to spread and grow food but we only recommend products we back for! To spread and grow food height and should be kept warm to ensure their healthy growth top tips help!